What are the study permits rules and regulations under Section 219 of IRPR?

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Title: Study Permits Rules and Regulations Under Section 219 of IRPR: A Comprehensive Overview by LexLords Canada Immigration Lawyers

A strategic investigation of the Canadian immigration law by our legal mavens at LexLords uncovers a well-structured and clearly defined system, which includes provisions for various types of permits, including study permits. Section 219 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) specifically outlines the rules and regulations pertaining to study permits.

Fundamentals of Study Permits under Section 219 IRPR

Section 219 IRPR stipulates that foreign nationals must apply for a study permit before entering Canada. The permit allows non-Canadians to pursue education in recognized institutions within the country. However, the provision is clear that a study permit does not guarantee entry into Canada, as the final decision rests with the immigration officer at the port of entry.

It is pertinent under this section that holders of a study permit do not contravene the terms of their permit during their stay in Canada. Any violation may lead to legal ramifications, including potential eviction from the country.

Relevant Case Laws and Judgments

A number of landmark judgments have shaped the interpretation and application of Section 219. For instance, in the case of Patel v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) [2008] FCA 241, the court held that the non-renewal of a study permit does not constitute removal from the country. This case served as a reminder that a study permit does not equate to permanent residency.

In the pivotal judgment of Zhang v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) [2010] FC 394, it was ruled that students should not engage in off-campus work unless explicitly permitted by their study permit. This clarified the definition of terms under Section 219, providing a clearer framework for foreign students to abide by.

Another significant case was Lim v. Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration) [2009] FC 821. It was highlighted in this case that students attending a program of less than six months require a study permit if they wish to extend their studies without having to leave and re-enter the country.

Impact of Study Permit Violations

Section 221 of IRPR provides that any foreign national failing to comply with the conditions imposed upon their entry may face legal consequences. This includes the breach of study permit conditions under Section 219, which may lead to an admissibility hearing, and subsequently, removal from the country.

Legal Mitigations

Lastly, the law does offer some relief to individuals who may fall foul of the rules. For instance, under Section 225, where an individual can demonstrate that they made a genuine attempt to comply with the conditions or that non-compliance was due to circumstances beyond their control, they may avoid penalties.


Section 219 IRPR is integral to Canada’s immigration framework, maintaining a crucial balance between welcoming international students and safeguarding national interests. Here at LexLords, our legal experts are committed to ensuring that students making this significant move are well-versed in their rights, responsibilities, and potential pitfalls in relation to their study permit. With decades of combined experience, we delve deeper than surface-level understanding, equipping international students with knowledge that could make their transition smoother and trouble-free.