What are the key components of the Express Entry system in Canadian immigration law?

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Title: The Key Components of Express Entry System in Canadian Immigration Law: An Expert Analysis


With the desire to encourage economic development and meet its labor demands, Canada introduced the Express Entry system in 2015 as part of its immigration regulations. As legal experts at LexLords Canada Immigration Lawyers, we understand the complexities of this system and its impact on potential immigrants. We aim to provide an in-depth understanding of the Express Entry system, emphasizing its key components, and presenting relevant case laws and judgments.

Key Components of the Express Entry System

1. Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)

Arguably, the most critical component of Canada’s Express Entry immigration system is the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). This point-based system is used to assess and score a candidate’s profile based on factors such as age, education, language proficiency in English or French, Canadian work experience, and other factors. A higher CRS score improves a candidate’s chance of receiving an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for permanent residency.

2. Invitation to Apply (ITA)

An ITA is an auto-generated correspondence issued to Express Entry candidates who have been selected in a draw from the pool. It essentially invites them to submit an application for permanent residence in Canada.

3. Pool of Candidates

All potential candidates who have completed an Express Entry profile are placed into a pool. The candidates are then ranked based on their CRS score, and those with the highest scores are invited to apply for Canadian permanent residence.

Relevant Case Laws and Judgments

Understanding case law and previous judgments can better illustrate how the Express Entry System is practically applied:

1. The case of “Kaur v. Canada (Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness)” showcases the impact of false representation in Express Entry applications. The applicant was found guilty of misrepresentation about her work experience and was ordered deported. This case underscores the importance of honesty in all Express Entry applications.

2. In “Ghai v. Canada (Citizenship and Immigration)”, the applicant’s failure to include all past work experience in his Express Entry profile caused his permanent residence application to be rejected. The Federal Court of Canada upheld this decision, reinforcing the necessity of providing comprehensive and accurate information.

3. The Federal Court’s decision in “Chaudhary v. Canada (Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness)” illustrates the impact of criminality on Express Entry applications. The applicant’s past criminal conviction led to an order of deportation, emphasizing that good moral character is requisite for successful immigration under the Express Entry system.


The Express Entry system is a complex component of Canadian immigration law, designed to be comprehensive and fair in its selection process. It relies heavily on the information provided by potential candidates. As immigration legal experts at LexLords, we emphasize that prospective immigrants be truthful, detailed, and thorough in their profiles. Understanding how the CRS, ITA, and candidate pool function will significantly aid a prospective immigrant during the application process. Legal cases such as those discussed provide precedents that highlight the importance of these principles.

Always remember, when in doubt about your application, investing time in consultation with an experienced immigration lawyer can be exceptionally beneficial and improve your chances of a successful Express Entry application.