What are the key aspects and regulations of Canadian immigration law?

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Title: Key Aspects and Regulations of Canadian Immigration Law


Immigration law is a complex field, subject to frequent changes and adjustments. In Canada, these laws are the underpinning mechanisms that govern the entry and stay of individuals from all across the globe. LexLords Canada Immigration Lawyers, a proficient law firm with years of experience, offers an insight into the fundamental aspects, regulations, and case laws pertaining to Canadian immigration.

1. Fundamental Aspects of Canadian Immigration Law

One primary aspect of Canadian immigration law is the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA). Established in 2002, the IRPA endorses the principles that guide Canada’s immigration policies and procedures. It emphasizes the economic benefits that immigrants provide to Canada, ensures family reunification, offers protection to the displaced and persecuted, and promotes respect for Canada’s democratic values.

The Express Entry System, launched in 2015, is another vital facet of Canadian immigration law. It is a points-based system that enables skilled workers from around the world to immigrate to Canada based on their potential contributions to the national economy.

2. Key Regulations

The Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) outline the rules for implementing the IRPA. They establish parameters for different immigration programs, including Family Class Sponsorship, Economic Class Immigration (including Express Entry), and Refugee Class Immigration.

For instance, regulations about the federal skilled worker program includes criteria like work experience, education level, language ability, age, arranged employment in Canada, and adaptability factors.

3. Impactful Case Laws

Understanding Canadian immigration law also involves examining previous case laws.

a. Kanthasamy v Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2015: This case serves as a milestone in interpreting humanitarian and compassionate considerations in immigration decisions. The judgment directs officers to take into account all relevant factors in an individual’s case, rather than sticking strictly to a checklist approach.

b. Baker v Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 1999: This seminal case established the principles of procedural fairness in immigration proceedings, including the right to an unbiased decision-maker and the duty to consider relevant evidence.

c. Vavilov v Canada (Citizenship and Immigration), 2019: This recent case fundamentally altered the standard of review in administrative law contexts, making clear that correctness is the standard for questions of law falling outside an administrative decision-maker’s expertise – like immigration officers making decisions on matters of general legal importance.

d. Chieu v Canada (Minister of Citizenship and Immigration), 2002: In this case, the Supreme Court determined that refusing an immigrant’s application solely based on their spouse’s criminal records was unjust.

e. IRPA, s 117(9)(d): In October 2017, amendments to this regulation brought an end to a policy that had prevented many immigrants from bringing their disabled children to Canada. The amendments favor inclusivity for people with disabilities in immigration applications.


Canadian immigration law is rich and dynamic, designed to serve a diverse range of personal circumstances while upholding national interests. The team at LexLords Canada Immigration Lawyers is equipped with extensive knowledge and has proven adept at untangling complications within these laws. Our experience includes interpreting legislation, keeping abreast with policy changes, and understanding case law to provide our clients with strategic advice and effective representation.

Legal complexities may seem daunting; yet, with professional guidance and a deeper understanding of the law, prospective immigrants to Canada can navigate these challenges effectively.