Q: What is the role of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) in Canadian immigration law?

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The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) plays a critical role in Canadian immigration law. It provides the legal framework that regulates immigration in Canada and defines the rights, responsibilities, and procedures for immigrants, refugees, and citizens. IRPA is essentially responsible for establishing the policies and guidelines that control who can enter the country, how long they can stay, and what actions can lead to their removal. The Act is also designed to ensure that those entering Canada align with the country’s socio-economic needs and security concerns, uphold humanitarian values and facilitate family reunification. Designed to be fair and unbiased, the IRPA sets out a structured system to grant asylum to people genuinely at risk. It maintains a balance between enforcing immigration laws and protecting refugees’ rights.