People facing the threat of getting removed from Canada are given the opportunity to apply for Pre-Removal Risk Assessment (PRRA). In order to make a PRRA, you have to give a written submission to the Immigration, Refugee Citizenship Canada (IRCC) once the CBSA (Canada Border Services Agency) has given you the permission to go ahead with it.
If you are refused refugee claim once, you cannot make a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment if one year has yet not been completed since you received the refusal on your refugee claim. A PPRA is assessed keeping in mind the following points:
- If the applicant proves that he/she is in danger of persecution, torture or harassment if the applicant returns to his/her own country.
- They the applicant can prove that they will experience disproportionate suffering in their own country.
- If the applicant can establish that the government of his/her own country cannot provide them with protection or medical care.
Also the applicant’s criminal history, medical history and immigration history will be considered.
For What Reasons can a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment be Cancelled?
If a complete one year has not elapsed from the time when your refugee claim was refused, your application for PRRA will be cancelled. The law was enforced on August 15, 2012 and since then all PRRA’s should be submitted only after 12 months have passed since the date you received your refugee claim refusal.